EATING DISORDERS

eatingdisordersThere are many eating disorders that largely affect people in different parts of the world. Eating disorders are connected with mental disorders that are bizarre and they relate to weight and food. This is because the ways in which an individual thinks or sees him/her own body will have an effect on their eating pattern. If you watch a lot of YouTube videos like this one https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQNJoO-XNVE you might be tempted to try and look like the fitness models in those videos. In the end, you may overshoot this goal and end up with an unnecessarily low weight.

Prader willi syndrome

This is a condition that is caused by a defect in the chromosomes and it can affect anyone. It is not hereditary and it can present in symptoms like retarded growth, mental retardation and a deficiency in motor skill. This condition is known to cause an appetite that is unquenchable and when it is not checked the patient can eat almost anything to quench their appetite. The treatment will include taking a diet with reduced calories and in extreme cases the patient will be given a growth hormone.

Pica

This is both a psychiatric condition and an eating disorder. This is a condition in which the patient has an uncontrollable desire to take food that is not nutritional. The patient is also likely to take items that are not food in nature and this includes paint and cigarette butts. These conditions may affect the health of an individual in a very negative way as the patient can take chemicals that are dangerous in nature. In some extreme cases, the patient can take sharp objects and this can puncture the organs in the body.

Orthorexia

This condition is characterized by being obsessed with healthy foods and in most cases the condition can be confused with anorexia. The individuals who suffer from anorexia are obsessed with the need to lose weight while those who suffer from orthorexia have a strong desire to take pure and healthy foods.

Anorexia athletica

This condition is likely to be missed out in cases where the patient does not have another eating disorder. This is a condition in which the athletic person is obsessed with having a perfect body and will do anything to achieve it. The patients who suffer from this condition will not have the satisfaction that most people have after a good workout in the gym or a long run. This may cause one to harm his/her self with the aim of achieving certain body or even over indulge in exercises.

Night eating disorder

This is a condition in which the patient does not eat anything during the day or in the morning and then takes a lot in the night. Most of these patients are not able to sleep at night because of insomnia and they have all the time to eat hence indulging. The patient will take half of the calories they are supposed to take daily at night and this causes them to have morbidity obese or obese. Most of these patients are not keen to seek help as they do not admit that they have a problem and are secretive about it.

Body dysmorphic disorder

The people who suffer from this condition are obsessed with the fact their bodies have many defects. This can be obsession with the fact that they have bad hair, bad odor, bad teeth, and bad shape, being ugly and fat. When this patients look at themselves in the mirror, they see something that is totally different.

References

List Verse – 10 Terrible Eating Related Disorders

Posted on Monday, February 16th, 2015 at 3:30 am

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – OCD

obsessive_compulsive_disorderObsessive Compulsive Disorder is a mental illness. It is a type of anxiety disorder where a person feels the need to repeatedly do something and then driven to actually do it as many times as the need pushes them to. The recurring intrusive thoughts fulfill the Obsessive part of the illness while the performed ritualized action makes up the Compulsive part. A great number of OCD patients are both obsessive and compulsive, however sometimes, some there are cases where just one is present aspect without the other.

A person with OCD might be easily regarded as weak and feeble. Therefore they might throw hurtful suggestions like try exercising some control and stop feed those urges. Not knowing that this only exerts more stress on them. They are not in control of their thoughts. If they do not act on these thoughts then worry, fear and apprehension will flood and cripple their minds.

The thoughts can come in all shapes and forms. An OCD person does not derive any pleasure from washing their hands 15 times a day. They know that doing so can potentially cause an adverse skin reaction which if done for a long time might lead to permanent skin damage and scarring. Unfortunately, the compulsion to complete the task is much more powerful than trying to protect their own skin. They are aware that their behaviour is odd and excessive. But they do it to get relief. To make this obsessive thought go away so that they can feel in charge of their thinking.

Symptoms vary from person to person depending on the task and number of times needed to complete the task. For example

  • Aversion to particular numbers e.g. 3, 5 which can range from opening a door 3 times before entering or leaving a room to committing crimes like violence i.e. if the OCD patient is a 5 then they must repeat the violence in the same pattern 5 times.
  • Preoccupation with certain religious, philosophical thoughts
  • Excessively concerned with hygiene e.g. irrational fear of germs and dirt or intruders.
  • Unwanted thoughts and impulses to harm a loved one
  • The need for symmetry and exactness e.g. aligning things on the desk to a precise angle – overly neat.
  • Some have to spend hours on these intrusive thoughts and rituals, which can interfere with their school or work schedule.
  • They do not have any control over these thoughts and behaviours.

OCD tends to sometimes run in families but so far nothing concrete to explain why some have it and others don’t have it. Other causes are thought to be related to stress and environmental factors.

Since the illness varies greatly from person to person, there is need to exclude all other causes of obsession or compulsion for example OCPD. A thorough history of illness is key to making a diagnosis.

Management includes Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Behavioural Therapy (BT), Pyschodynamic psychotherapy and medications e.g. antidepressants, Serotonin inhibitors (SSRIs), sometimes antipsychotic drugs such as quetiapine. Electroconvulsive therapy has been used in refractory cases.

Posted on Friday, February 6th, 2015 at 11:31 pm

Chokeberries May Become Pivotal in Treating Pancreatic Cancer in Future

pancreatic_cancerOne of the most researched areas of medical science is the search for cure and prevention of cancer. Scientists are constantly at work to invent newer and newer ways to eliminate this fatal disease from the face of the world. Very often comes to us various news on those developments. Newer and newer research brings newer developments in the treatment methodologies. One such development came at the end of the last year when the researchers at Middlesex University, University of Southampton, Portsmouth University and Kings College Hospital found out that chokeberry extracts are very effective in increasing potency of the drug gemcitabine, used in chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer patients.

Chokeberries May Become Pivotal in Treating Pancreatic Cancer in Future1Dietary agents, especially antioxidant substances, found in various fruits and vegetable were hitherto been considered very effective in increasing efficacy of cancer treatment. And pancreatic cancer is one of the worst cancers having a very poor prognosis. The researchers point out that pancreatic cancer has a very poor outlook and a high mortality rate. Only 1-4% of those with the cancer survive to five years and only 10-20% of people with pancreatic cancer are suitable for surgery. Besides it also has a strong resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. So the researchers of the study aimed to find out what the antioxidants found in chokeberries can do for our pancreatic cancer patients. It is worthwhile to note that Chokeberries are a type of shrub found in North American wet woods and swamps.

The funds for the research came from the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education and a US charitable organisation called Have a Chance Inc. Later it was published in the peer reviewed journal Clinical Pathology. It involved a laboratory experiment on cancer cells called AsPC-1 to see whether the growth of the cells can be inhibited or stopped altogether with chokeberry extract. And how chokeberry extract may interact or react along with gemcitabine, the medicine used while giving chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer patients. Both the conditions were tried separately in the laboratory to test the difference.

The results of the study revealed that the chokeberry extracts really does increase the potency of the drug involved in chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer. Generally, the higher the concentration of chokeberry extract used in combination with gemcitabine, the more cancer cells were killed. However only chokeberry extracts without the medicine failed to produce any positive difference.

Thus the mixture was seen to produce apoptosis, the programmed death of the cancer cells. That indicates that a rightly administered mix of chokeberry extracts with the medicine while giving chemotherapy can altogether kill the cancers cells and thereby could halt the cancer for good. There are a few reputable chokeberry supplements on Amazon.com.

Though the experiment was limited only within the confines of the laboratory it has very far reaching consequences and bright future prospects for the field of pancreatic cancer treatment. However an extensive human trial is necessary for furthering the treatment into the mainstream treatment facilities.

Until then please refrain from taking any herbal treatment or any type of herbal supplements solely based on this single research. Herbal medicine is not as much harmless as many of us may prefer to think of it and should be administered with as much caution as we do with any other mainstream medicines. Otherwise it may very well lead to devastating side effects.

Posted on Friday, February 6th, 2015 at 11:30 pm